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Ultra-long-acting in-situ forming implants with cabotegravir protect female macaques against rectal SHIV infection

Ultra-long-acting delivery platforms for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) may increase adherence and maximize public health benefit. We report on an injectable, biodegradable, and removable in-situ forming implant (ISFI) that is administered subcutaneously and can release the integrase inhibitor cabotegravir (CAB) above protective benchmarks for more than 6 months. CAB ISFIs are well-tolerated in female mice and female macaques showing no signs of toxicity or chronic inflammation. In macaques, median plasma CAB concentrations exceed established PrEP protection benchmarks within 3 weeks and confer complete protection against repeated rectal SHIV challenges. Implant removal via a small incision in 2 macaques at week 12 results in a 7- to 48-fold decrease in plasma CAB levels within 72 hours. Modeling to translate CAB ISFI dosing suggests that a 3 mL injection would exceed protective benchmarks in humans for over 5 months post administration. Our results support the clinical advancement of CAB ISFIs for ultra-long-acting PrEP in humans.

February 2023

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Resource Type:

Database
Journal Article
Journal Article
Resource

Citation:

Ultra-long-acting delivery platforms for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) may increase adherence and maximize public health benefit. We report on an injectable, biodegradable, and removable in-situ forming implant (ISFI) that is administered subcutaneously and can release the integrase inhibitor cabotegravir (CAB) above protective benchmarks for more than 6 months. CAB ISFIs are well-tolerated in female mice and female macaques showing no signs of toxicity or chronic inflammation. In macaques, median plasma CAB concentrations exceed established PrEP protection benchmarks within 3 weeks and confer complete protection against repeated rectal SHIV challenges. Implant removal via a small incision in 2 macaques at week 12 results in a 7- to 48-fold decrease in plasma CAB levels within 72 hours. Modeling to translate CAB ISFI dosing suggests that a 3 mL injection would exceed protective benchmarks in humans for over 5 months post administration. Our results support the clinical advancement of CAB ISFIs for ultra-long-acting PrEP in humans.

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Authors: Young, I.C., Massud, I., Cottrell, M.L., Shrivastava, R., Maturavongsadit, P., Prasher, A., Wong-Sam, A., Dinh, C., Edwards, T., Mrotz, V. and Mitchell, J.

Health Risks(s):

  • HIV

Product type(s):

  • HIVinhibitor
  • Implants
  • Injectables

Topic(s):

  • DrugInteractions
  • Development

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