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Long-acting injectable multipurpose prevention technology for prevention of HIV and unplanned pregnancy

Only condoms are proven to protect against both HIV and unplanned pregnancy, however, poor user acceptability and lack of partner cooperation impede effectiveness. We developed an injectable ultra-long-acting, biodegradable, and removable in-situ forming implant (ISFI) as multipurpose prevention technology (MPT). MPT ISFIs co-formulated an antiretroviral (dolutegravir (DTG)) or cabotegravir (CAB)), and a hormonal contraceptive (etonogestrel (ENG) or medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA)). All formulations were well-tolerated in mice with no signs of chronic local or systemic inflammation. Plasma CAB and DTG concentrations were above 4 PA-IC90 for 90 days with zero-order and diffusion-controlled absorption, respectively, and no differences when co-formulated with either hormone. Plasma ENG and MPA concentrations were quantifiable for 90 days. Complete removal of CAB/MPA ISFIs resulted in MPA concentrations falling below the limit of quantification after 24 h post-removal, but incomplete CAB elimination from plasma. Collectively, we demonstrated the ability to co-formulate antiretrovirals with contraceptives in an ISFI that is well-tolerated with sustained plasma concentrations up to 90 days.

November 2023

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Resource Type:

Database
Journal Article
Journal Article
MPT Articles
MPT Article
Resource

Citation:

Only condoms are proven to protect against both HIV and unplanned pregnancy, however, poor user acceptability and lack of partner cooperation impede effectiveness. We developed an injectable ultra-long-acting, biodegradable, and removable in-situ forming implant (ISFI) as multipurpose prevention technology (MPT). MPT ISFIs co-formulated an antiretroviral (dolutegravir (DTG)) or cabotegravir (CAB)), and a hormonal contraceptive (etonogestrel (ENG) or medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA)). All formulations were well-tolerated in mice with no signs of chronic local or systemic inflammation. Plasma CAB and DTG concentrations were above 4 PA-IC90 for 90 days with zero-order and diffusion-controlled absorption, respectively, and no differences when co-formulated with either hormone. Plasma ENG and MPA concentrations were quantifiable for 90 days. Complete removal of CAB/MPA ISFIs resulted in MPA concentrations falling below the limit of quantification after 24 h post-removal, but incomplete CAB elimination from plasma. Collectively, we demonstrated the ability to co-formulate antiretrovirals with contraceptives in an ISFI that is well-tolerated with sustained plasma concentrations up to 90 days.

View Journal Article

Authors: Young, IC ; Pallerla, A ; Cottrell, ML ; Maturavongsadit, P ; Prasher, A ; Shrivastava, R ; De La Cruz, G ; Montgomery, SA ; Schauer, A ; Sykes, C ; Kashuba, ADM ; Benhabbour, SR

Health Risks(s):

  • Unintended Pregnancy

Product type(s):

  • ARVs
  • Contraceptives
  • HIVinhibitor
  • Hormonal
  • Implants
  • Injectables
  • MPTs

Topic(s):

  • DrugInteractions
  • Development

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