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Fundamentals of HIV Medicine 2023

Fundamentals of HIV Medicine 2023

This chapter discusses the global prevalence as well as the geographic distribution of HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections and updates on recent shared global initiatives. The demographic trends in HIV in the United States, especially regarding gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, age, injection-drug use, socioeconomic status, and recent initiatives are reviewed. Special attention is paid to HIV among communities of color, as well as women, children, and adolescences. The role of HIV in men who have sex with men and the transgender community is reviewed in detail. Chapter 8: HIV Testing and Counselling lists and describes the various types of HIV testing available. The chapter also presents an overview of HIV counselling. HIV testing terminology and algorithms are presented to the reader along with descriptive figures. Laboratory markers for HIV are reviewed. The chapter describes who should be tested, as well as pre and post-test counselling elements. A section of the chapter is dedicated to special populations and environments (blood supply screening, prenatal screening, testing settings) Strategies to improve uptake of HIV testing are discussed.

September 2023

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Citation:

This chapter discusses the global prevalence as well as the geographic distribution of HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections and updates on recent shared global initiatives. The demographic trends in HIV in the United States, especially regarding gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, age, injection-drug use, socioeconomic status, and recent initiatives are reviewed. Special attention is paid to HIV among communities of color, as well as women, children, and adolescences. The role of HIV in men who have sex with men and the transgender community is reviewed in detail.

Chapter 8: HIV Testing and Counselling lists and describes the various types of HIV testing available. The chapter also presents an overview of HIV counselling. HIV testing terminology and algorithms are presented to the reader along with descriptive figures. Laboratory markers for HIV are reviewed. The chapter describes who should be tested, as well as pre and post-test counselling elements. A section of the chapter is dedicated to special populations and environments (blood supply screening, prenatal screening, testing settings) Strategies to improve uptake of HIV testing are discussed.

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Authors: Hardy & The American Academy of HIV Medicine

Health Risks(s):

  • HIV

Product type(s):

  • HIVtests

Topic(s):

  • Epidemiology
  • Social

Region(s)

  • Global

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